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Flashlights => Useful Flashlight Information => Topic started by: CRX on October 01, 2014, 12:42:00 AM

Title: Batteries, USB & Charging Equipment
Post by: CRX on October 01, 2014, 12:42:00 AM
Batteries/ Cells

A quick reference to some quality batteries with capacities, dimensions, runtimes etc
Images and data courtesy of HKJ (http://lygte-info.dk/)
For his full in-depth reviews please visit his website (http://lygte-info.dk/)

Quality Non Rechargeable Primary Batteries

(http://i.imgur.com/8LYKhBq.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/7mUCfcn.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/Y4i0ZPr.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/BXUmenq.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/7t1ifCm.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/7hZ46cK.png)

More About Primary Batteries (http://flashlightwiki.com/Primaries)


Eneloop NiMH Rechargeable
(Probably the best NiMH rechargeables you can buy)

From HKJ's Reviews (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/CommonAAIndividualTest%20UK.html) and ChibiM's BLF thread about Eneloops (http://budgetlightforum.com/node/7336#node-7336)

(http://i.imgur.com/PUDH68u.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/VGVTB7O.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/mlOjb2A.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/n4xblje.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/vVZnOWW.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/7COgFo5.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/BVTgYQG.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/XzWZA9M.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/WOwVjy1.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/60e6F3G.png)

Comparison of AA Battery Chemistries (http://lygte-info.dk/info/ComparisonOfAABatteryChemistry%20UK.html)

(http://i.imgur.com/pMC3lSk.png)


HKJ's NiMH & Primary Cells Comparator (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/CommonAAcomparator.php)


Quality Lithium-Ion Rechargeable Batteries
(Safe Values for this type of cell are, unless otherwise stated: Fully Charged 4.2v - Fully Depleted 3.0v)

Lithium-Ion Cell Designations

(http://i.imgur.com/XI8fn94.png)
Although most cells do not conform to these exact measurements, especially protected button top cells which are usually slightly longer & wider.


10440 Cells


(http://i.imgur.com/fHE9Vfi.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/2hfxA4r.png)


14500 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/l80CBe7.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/J4b6L85.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/0jDHVmd.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/XnFsEJe.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/y4XTDf4.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/YAS4AtE.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/TWcZsxX.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/dyfcPEH.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/5s2DNXV.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/XNqLAmM.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/hKJhRe6.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/h2XXrRW.png)


16340 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/p0GNmIO.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/fuRJzuI.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/aLVl1FB.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/MsiZBbP.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/HND7duM.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/WmziRXF.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/OYYYPq3.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/CBrWCOq.png)

CR123A and Rechargeable Substitutes (http://lygte-info.dk/info/CR123A%20and%20rechargeable%20substitutes%20UK.html)


18350 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/ZyZL9fW.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/PtDcSI9.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/0lsRomV.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/y1Ljrjg.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/X43gcHq.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/Cp0aCSY.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/hDMxtUp.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/Pwl5iSA.png)


HKJ's Small Li-Ion Cells Comparator (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/CommonSmallcomparator.php)

18500 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/ojFjopo.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/ojFjopo.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/2LcZPeh.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/gsgHiWD.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/tO4oNTL.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/NsxJenb.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/HOAgzwG.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/5oTCqMq.png)


18650 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/x9jV9pZ.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/8JJAa9T.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/bnCAf29.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/l5Dzhg2.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/9Ac1tyq.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/PbZll3x.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/CpjlsHT.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/bXNU0AI.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/oAZM7jp.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/ZOiRtNe.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/TrKGeAW.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/uP0LDd1.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/ozFkJ6H.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/4nLLwzl.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/7BHKAxU.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/zfFq0WR.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/eTDhH97.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/EERVvjy.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/MxK7EKd.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/WjMeVZq.png)

Estimating Remaining Capacity in Li-Ion Cells (http://lygte-info.dk/info/BatteryChargePercent%20UK.html)

(http://i.imgur.com/5GtcHC1.png)


HKJ's 18650 Li-Ion Cells Comparator (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common18650comparator.php)

HKJ Summary for all Tested 18650 Cells (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common18650Summary%20UK.html)
HKJ Common Curves for all Tested 18650 Cells (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common18650CurvesAll%20UK.html)


26650 Cells

(http://i.imgur.com/Ttvg1GH.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/eiW8QoG.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/FaAmlCI.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/E7pW3ET.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/rsBIg86.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/vuWG36N.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/3UWUv0l.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/CZyAkLY.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/3xzfd4C.png)
(http://i.imgur.com/HqAp1VD.png)


HKJ's 26650 Li-Ion Cells Comparator (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common26650comparator.php)


Reading The Graphs

(http://i.imgur.com/XSv86Fm.png)


(http://i.imgur.com/2Q3NoY9.png)


More Useful Information About Batteries

Battery University (http://batteryuniversity.com/)
Rechargeable Battery Basics (http://flashlightwiki.com/Rechargeable)

Battery Definitions (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/battery_definitions)
Battery Terminology (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/abbreviations)
Battery Glossary (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/definitions)
Battery Sizes (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_battery_sizes)
Flashlight Terminology (http://flashlightwiki.com/Terminology)

Battery Chemistries - Zinc Carbon, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon-zinc)
Alkaline, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkaline_battery) NiCd, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NiCd) NiMH, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NiMH) Lithium Primary (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_battery)
Other Chemistry Types (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/weird_and_wonderful_batteries)

Types of Battery Cells (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/types_of_battery_cells)
Nickel-Based Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/nickel_based_batteries)
Lithium-Based Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/lithium_based_batteries)
Types of Lithium-Ion Cells (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/types_of_lithium_ion)
Lithium-Ion Rechargeable Batteries (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium-ion_battery)
Lithium Non-Rechargeable Batteries (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_battery)
Comparison of Secondary Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/secondary_batteries)

Charging Lithium-Ion Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/charging_lithium_ion_batteries)
Charging NiMH Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/charging_nickel_metal_hydride)
Charging NiCd Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/charging_nickel_based_batteries)
Charging from a USB Port (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/charging_from_a_usb_port)
How to Charge & When to Charge (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_charge_when_to_charge_table)
Fast and Ultra-Fast Chargers (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/ultra_fast_chargers)
How to Prime Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_prime_batteries)
Cycling Performance (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/battery_performance_as_a_function_of_cycling)
Basics about Discharging (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/discharge_methods)
Discharging at High & Low Temperatures (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/discharging_at_high_and_low_temperatures)

Battery Capacity (http://flashlightwiki.com/Battery_capacity)
What is the C-rate (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/what_is_the_c_rate)
Confusion with Voltages (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/confusion_with_voltages)
How to Maximize Runtime (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_increase_the_runtime_of_your_wireless_device)
Net Calorific Value (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/net_calorific_value)
Estimating Remaining Capacity in Li-Ion Cells (http://lygte-info.dk/info/BatteryChargePercent%20UK.html)

HKJ's Comparators - NiMH & Primary (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/CommonAAcomparator.php)
Small Li-Ion (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/CommonSmallcomparator.php)  Large Li-Ion (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common18650comparator.php)  26650 Li-Ion (http://lygte-info.dk/review/batteries2012/Common26650comparator.php)
AkkuDB Cell Comparators (http://www.dampfakkus.de/akku_auswahl.php)

How to Store Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_store_batteries)
How to Prolong Lithium-Based Cells (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_prolong_lithium_based_batteries)
What causes Lithium-Ion to Age (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/what_causes_lithium_ion_to_age)
How to Know End of Battery Life (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_know_end_of_battery_life)
Can Batteries be Restored? (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/can_batteries_be_restored)
Four Renegades of Battery Failure (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/four_renegades_of_battery_failure)
Optical Micrographs taken from a Failed 18650 (http://www.nature.com/srep/2012/121019/srep00747/fig_tab/srep00747_F1.html)
Corrosion, Shedding and Internal Short (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/corrosion_shedding_and_internal_short)

Li-Ion Battery Safety and Shopping Guide (http://budgetlightforum.com/node/16699)
Summary of Do's and Dont's (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/do_and_dont_battery_table)
Safety of Lithium-Ion Batteries (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/safety_of_lithium_ion_batteries)
Lithium-Ion Safety Concerns (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/lithium_ion_safety_concerns)

Parasitic Drain (http://www.lygte-info.dk/info/standbyCurrent%20UK.html)
How to Find Parasitic Drain (http://www.wikihow.com/Find-a-Parasitic-Battery-Drain)

Internal Resistance of Batteries (http://lygte-info.dk/info/Internal%20impedance%20UK.html)
How Healthy are your Batteries (http://laserpointerforums.com/f67/how-healthy-your-batteries-how-measure-internal-resistance-57576.html)

How to Rewrap Batteries (http://lygte-info.dk/info/BatteryRewrapping%20UK.html)
The Anatomy of a Protected Battery (http://www.lygte-info.dk/info/battery%20protection%20UK.html)
Disassembly of an 18650 Battery (http://lygte-info.dk/info/batteryDisassembly5000mAh%20UK.html)

Protection Circuits (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/safety_circuits_for_modern_batteries)
How to Tell if a Battery is Protected (http://lygte-info.dk/info/isMyBatteryProtected%20UK.html)
Discharge Protection Tests (http://lygte-info.dk/info/DischargeProtectionTest%20UK.html)

Serial and Parallel Configurations (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/serial_and_parallel_battery_configurations)
Using a Digital Multimeter (http://www.lygte-info.dk/info/Measurement%20UK.html)


USB Accessories/ Equipment
(With links to reviews)

(http://i.imgur.com/X8njkap.jpg)

Charger Doctor USB Current/ Voltage Detector (http://lygte-info.dk/review/USBmeter%20Charge%20doctor%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/9OSlate.jpg)

Xtar VI01 USB Current/ Voltage Detector (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Xtar%20USB%20current-voltage%20detector%20UK.html)


Battery Powerbanks
(With links to reviews)

(http://i.imgur.com/vSdeJoH.jpg)

ENB USB Battery Box 218650 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20USB%20battery%20box%202x18650%20enb%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/w82mt44.png)

FlourEon HQM403 Battery Box 418650 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20USB%20battery%20box%20FlourEon%20HQM403%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/k1EF1IT.jpg)

Huamen/Evertones ET-406 USB Battery Box 418650 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20USB%20battery%20box%204x18650%20Evertones%20ET-406%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/Y47yffJ.jpg)

Ruinovo USB Battery Box 418650 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20USB%20battery%20box%204x18650%20Ruinovo%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/GDSSxMe.jpg)

Coolook PB-2000 USB Battery Box 418650 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20USB%20battery%20box%204x18650%20coolook%20PB-2000%20UK.html)

How HKJ Tests USB Power Supplies/ Powerbanks (http://lygte-info.dk/info/usbPowerSupplyTestHow%20UK.html)


Battery Chargers
(With links to reviews)

(http://i.imgur.com/M5rv58p.png)

TP4056 Charger Board (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20TP4056%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/De8dUBC.jpg)

ML-102 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20ML-102%20UK.html) & Mods (http://budgetlightforum.com/node/31785)


(http://i.imgur.com/TRV7fCo.jpg)

Xtar MC1 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20MC1%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/rIaQSc7.jpg)

Xtar MC2 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20MC2%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/jjXpKT5.jpg)

Xtar MP1 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20MP1%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/bVkyuLg.jpg)

Soshine SC-S7 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Soshine%20SC-S7%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/w4ufR2T.jpg)

Xtar SP1 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20SP1%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/ME6FHVV.jpg)

Xtar SP2 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20SP2%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/VHPrVox.jpg)

Xtar VP2 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Xtar%20VP2%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/GZ90a9D.jpg)

Nitecore Intellicharger i2 (2014 Version)  (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Nitecore%20Intellicharger%20i2%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/PyXuEdt.jpg)

NiteCore Intellicharger i4 V2 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20SysMax%20i4%20V2%20UK.html) & (2014 Version) (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Nitecore%20Intellicharger%20i4%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/jzrfFZY.jpg)

Efest LUC V4 (2014) (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Efest%20LUC%20V4%202014%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/3MgDjsc.jpg)

ThruNite MCC-4 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20ThruNite%20MCC-4%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/ISQ2gxG.jpg)

Opus BT-C3100 V2.1 (http://lygte-info.dk/review/Review%20Charger%20Opus%20BT-C3100%20V2.1%20UK.html)


(http://i.imgur.com/qs0esIp.jpg)

Turnigy Accucell 6 Hobby Charger (http://budgetlightforum.com/node/2128)

How HKJ Tests Chargers (http://lygte-info.dk/info/How%20do%20I%20test%20a%20charger%20UK.html)


More Information About Chargers


Charger Basics - 1, (http://flashlightwiki.com/Chargers) 2 (http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/all_about_chargers)
Reviews of Batteries and Chargers (http://www.lygte-info.dk/info/indexBatteriesAndChargers%20UK.html)
Reviews of USB Charging Equipment (http://www.lygte-info.dk/info/indexUSB%20UK.html)
What is a Hobby Charger (http://lygte-info.dk/info/HobbyChargers%20UK.html)

Title: Re: Batteries, USB & Charging Equipment
Post by: JohnnyMac on October 01, 2014, 03:16:12 PM
Another great resource post, CRX!   Stickied.
Title: Re: Batteries, USB & Charging Equipment
Post by: lightme on August 19, 2017, 04:27:50 AM
Just have a quick read, what a comprehensive explanation of battery & chargers. Nice, thank you, already bookmarked it and will have a deeper read later!  8)